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Christian Sandor

Associate Professor

School of Creative Media, City University of Hong Kong

Dr. Christian Sandor is an Associate Professor at the City University of Hong Kong’s School of Creative Media, where he is co-directing the Extended Reality Lab (https://xr-lab.org) together with Associate Professor Alvaro Cassinelli. Since the year 2000, his foremost research interest is Augmented Reality, as he believes that it will have a profound impact on the future of mankind.

In 2005, he obtained a doctorate in Computer Science from the Technische Universität München, Germany under the supervision of Prof. Gudrun Klinker and Prof. Steven Feiner. He decided to explore the research world in the spirit of Alexander von Humboldt and has lived outside of Germany ever since to work with leading research groups at institutions including: Nara Institute of Science and Technology (Japan), Columbia University (New York, USA), Canon’s Leading-Edge Technology Research Headquarters (Tokyo, Japan), Graz University of Technology (Austria), University of Stuttgart (Germany), and Tohoku University (Japan).

Together with his students, he won multiple awards at the premier Augmented Reality conference, IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (IEEE ISMAR): best demo (2011, 2016) and best poster honorable mention (2012, 2013). Further awards include: best short paper at ACM SIGGRAPH International Conference on Virtual-Reality Continuum and its Applications in Industry (2018) and best paper at ACM Symposium on Spatial User Interaction (2018).

He has presented several keynotes and has acquired over 2.5 million USD funding. In 2012, he was awarded in Samsung’s Global Research Outreach Program. In 2014, he received a Google Faculty Award for creating an Augmented Reality X-Ray system for Google Glass.

He serves as an editorial board member for Computers & Graphics (Elsevier) and IEEE Computer Graphics & Applications and as a steering committee member for ACM Symposium on Spatial User Interaction and IEEE ISMAR. He has been program chair for numerous conferences, including IEEE ISMAR and SIGGRAPH Asia Symposium On Mobile Graphics And Interactive Applications.

Interests

  • Augmented Reality
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Graphics
  • Computer Vision
  • Haptics
  • Visualization

Education

  • PhD in Computer Science, 2005

    Technische Universität München, Germany

Publications

Daniel Eckhoff, Alvaro Cassinelli, Christian Sandor (2019). Exploring Perceptual and Cognitive Effects of Extreme Augmented Reality Experiences. Doctoral Consortium of the IEEE International Symposium for Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR)*.

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Daniel Eckhoff, Alvaro Cassinelli, Christian Sandor (2019). Exploring Perceptual and Cognitive Effects of Extreme Augmented Reality Experiences. In Doctoral Consortium of the 18th IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Daniel Eckhoff, Christian Sandor, Christian Lins, Ulrich Eck, Denis Kalkofen, Andreas Hein (2018). TutAR: Augmented Reality Tutorials for Hands-Only Procedures. Proceedings of the ACM SIGGRAPH International Conference on Virtual-Reality Continuum and its Applications in Industry.

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Sungchul Jung, Gerd Bruder, Pamela J. Wisniewski, Christian Sandor, Charles E. Hughes (2018). Over My Hand: Using a Personalized Hand in VR to Improve Object Size Estimation, Body Ownership, and Presence. Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Spatial User Interaction.

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Christian Sandor, Hiraku Nakamura (2018). [DEMO] SoliScratch: A Radar Interface for Scratch DJs. Demo at IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Alexander Plopski, Ryosuke Mori, Takafumi Taketomi, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2018). AR-PETS: Development of an Augmented Reality Supported Pressing Evaluation Training System. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population.

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Takuro Matsui, Qirui Zhang, Takafumi Taketomi, Alexander Plopski, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2018). Generative Fence Obstacle Removal for Images with Color Consistency. In Proceedings of the 2nd Asia Pacific Workshop on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

Alexander Plopski, Varunyu Fuvattanasilp, Jarkko Polvi, Takafumi Taketomi, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2018). Efficient In-Situ Creation of Augmented Reality Tutorials. In Proceedings of the IEEE International Workshop on Metrology for Industry 4.0 and IoT.

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Nicko R. Caluya, Alexander Plopski, Jayzon F. Ty, Christian Sandor, Takafumi Taketomi, Hirokazu Kato (2018). Transferability of Spatial Maps: Augmented Versus Virtual Reality Training. In Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces.

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Gary Ng, Joon Gi Shin, Alexander Plopski, Christian Sandor, Daniel Saakes (2018). Situated Game Level Editing in Augmented Reality. In Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Tangible, Embedded and Embodied Interaction.

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Ryo Akiyama, Goshiro Yamamoto, Toshiyuki Amano, Takafumi Taketomi, Alexander Plopski, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2018). Light Projection-Induced Illusion for Controlling Object Color. Poster in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces.

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Christian Sandor (2018). Keynote Talk. 20th Virtual Reality International Conference.

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Hiraku Nakamura, Tatsuya Sonobe, Hiroyuki Toda, Naomi Fujisawa, Takafumi Taketomi, Alexander Plopski, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2018). Fusion of VSLAM/GNSS/INS for Augmented Reality Navigation in Ports. Proceedings of the International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation.

Haruka Matsumura, Hironori Watanabe, Tai Chih Chen, Takafumi Taketomi, Yasuhide Yoshitake, Alexandor Plopski, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2017). Can Face Swapping Technology Facilitate Mental Imagery Training?. Poster in Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence Eurographics Symposium on Virtual Environments.

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Takafumi Taketomi, Yasuhide Yoshitake, Goshiro Yamamoto, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2017). 3D Ground Reaction Force Visualization onto Training Video for Sprint Training Support System. Poster in Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence Eurographics Symposium on Virtual Environments.

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Sungchul Jung, Christian Sandor, Pamela J. Wisniewski, Charles E. Hughes (2017). RealME: The Influence of Body and Hand Representations on Body Ownership and Presence. In Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Spatial User Interaction.

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Shohei Mori, Sei Ikeda, Christian Sandor, Alexander Plopski (2017). [POSTER] BrightView: Increasing Perceived Brightness in Optical See-Through Head-Mounted Displays. In Adjunct Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Ryo Akiyama, Alexander Plopski, Daniel Saakes, Takafumi Taketomi, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2017). Applications of IoT and Augmented Reality Combination. In Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Workshop on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Adalberto L. Simeone, Kyle Johnsen, Robert J. Teather, Christian Sandor (2017). Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Spatial User Interaction. ACM.

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Shalika Pathirathna, Christian Sandor, Takafumi Taketomi, Alexander Plopski, Hirokazu Kato (2016). [Poster]Video Guides on Head-Mounted Displays: The Effect of Misalignments on Manual Task Performance. Poster in Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence and Eurographics Symposium on Virtual Environments.

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Alexander Plopski, Arno Lubke, Wataru Kashima, Takafumi Taketomi, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2016). Eye-Gaze Tracking in Near-Eye Head-Mounted Displays. In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Mixed and Augmented Reality Innovations.

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Aitor Rovira, Damien Constantine Rompapas, Christian Sandor, Takafumi Taketomi, Hirokazu Kato, Sei Ikeda (2016). EyeAR: Empiric Evaluation of a Refocusable Augmented Reality System. In Adjunct Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Max Krichenbauer, Goshiro Yamamoto, Takafumi Taketomi, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato, Steven Feiner (2016). Evaluating Positional Head-Tracking in Immersive VR for 3D Designers. In Adjunct Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Zeeshan Asghar, Goshiro Yamamoto, Takafumi Taketomi, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato, Petri Pulli (2016). Remote Assistance for Elderly to Find Hidden Objects in a Kitchen. Proceedings of EAI International Conference on IoT and Big Data Technologies for HealthCare 2016 (IoTCare 2016).

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Ryo Akiyama, Goshiro Yamamoto, Toshiyuki Amano, Takafumi Taketomi, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2016). Appearance Control in Dynamic Light Environments with a Projector-Camera System. In USB Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Virtual Reality 2016: Workshop on Perceptual and Cognitive Issues in AR.

Marc Ericson Chavez Santos, Jarkko Polvi, Takafumi Taketomi, Goshiro Yamamoto, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2016). On Usability Analytics and Beyond with Human-Centered Data Science. In Online Proceedings of 1st International Workshop on Developing a Research Agenda for Human-Centered Data Science at CSCW’16.

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Christian Sandor (2016). Keynote Talk. 1st Asia-Pacific Workshop on Mixed Reality.

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Marc Ericson C. Santos, Arno in Wolde Lübke, Takafumi Taketomi, Goshiro Yamamoto, Ma. Mercedes T. Rodrigo, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2016). Augmented Reality as Multimedia: the Case for Situated Vocabulary Learning. Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning.

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Marc Ericson Chavez Santos, Takafumi Taketomi, Goshiro Yamamoto, Ma. Mercedes T. Rodrigo, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2015). Toward Guidelines for Designing Handheld Augmented Reality in Learning Support. In Workshop Proceedings of APSCE 23rd International Conference on Computers in Education.

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Max Krichenbauer, Goshiro Yamamoto, Takafumi Taketomi, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2015). [Doctoral Consortium] User Study on Augmented Reality User Interfaces for 3D Media Production. In Doctoral Consortium of the 14th IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Jarkko Polvi, Takafumi Taketomi, Goshiro Yamamoto, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2015). [DEMO] SlidAR: A 3D Positioning Technique for Handheld Augmented Reality. Demo at ISMAR’15: the 14th IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Shalika Pathirathna, Liem Hoang, Marc Ericson C. Santos, Sirawat Pitaksarit, Goshiro Yamamoto, Takafumi Taketomi, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2015). A Learning Support System using Camera Tracking for High School Physics Experiments. In Workshop Proceedings of 36th Special Interest Group on Entertainment Computing (SIG-EC).

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Goshiro Yamamoto, Jaakko Hyry, Max Krichenbauer, Takafumi Taketomi, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato, Petri Pulli (2015). A User Interface Design for the Elderly using a Projection Tabletop System. In Proceedings of Third International Workshop on Virtual and Augmented Assistive Technology.

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Marc Ericson Chavez Santos, Arno Lubke, Takafumi Taketomi, Goshiro Yamamoto, Ma. Mercedes T. Rodrigo, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2014). Evaluating Augmented Reality for Situated Vocabulary Learning. In Proceedings of APSCE 22nd International Conference on Computers in Education.

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Marc Ericson Chavez Santos, Jayzon F. Ty, Arno Lubke, Ma. Mercedes T. Rodrigo, Takafumi Taketomi, Goshiro Yamamoto, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2014). Authoring Augmented Reality as Situated Multimedia. Poster in Proceedings of APSCE 22nd International Conference on Computers in Education.

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Marc Ericson Chavez Santos, Jarkko Polvi, Takafumi Taketomi, Goshiro Yamamoto, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2014). A Usability Scale for Handheld Augmented Reality. In Proceedings of ACM 20th Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology.

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Ulrich Eck, Frieder Pankratz, Christian Sandor, Gudrun Klinker, Hamid Laga (2014). Comprehensive Workspace Calibration for Visuo-Haptic Augmented Reality. in Proceedings of the 13th IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Max Krichenbauer, Goshiro Yamamoto, Takafumi Taketomi, Christian Sandor, Hirokazu Kato (2014). [DEMO] Towards Augmented Reality User Interfaces in 3D Media Production. Demo at ISMAR’14: the 13th IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Ulrich Eck, Frieder Pankratz, Christian Sandor, Gudrun Klinker, Hamid Laga (2014). [DEMO] Comprehensive Workspace Calibration for Visuo-Haptic Augmented Reality. Demo at ISMAR’14: the 13th IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Goshiro Yamamoto, Zeeshan Asghar, Yuki Uranishi, Takafumi Taketomi, Christian Sandor, Tomohiro Kuroda, Petri Pulli, Hirokazu Kato (2014). Grid-pattern Indicating Interface for Ambient Assisted Living. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies (ICDVRAT 2014).

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Michael Csongei, Liem Hoang, Christian Sandor, Yong Beom Lee (2014). Global Illumination for Augmented Reality on Mobile Phones. Poster in Proceedings of the IEEE Virtual Reality Conference.

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Ma Meng, Pascal Fallavollita, Tobias Blum, Ulrich Eck, Christian Sandor, Simon Weidert, Jens Waschke, Nassir Navab (2013). Kinect for Interactive AR Anatomy Learning. Poster in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Ulrich Eck, Christian Sandor (2013). HARP: A Framework for Visuo-Haptic Augmented Reality. Poster in Proceedings of the IEEE Virtual Reality Conference.

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Mark A. Livingston, Arindam Dey, Christian Sandor, Bruce H. Thomas (2013). Pursuit of X-ray Vision for Augmented Reality. In Human Factors in Augmented Reality Environments.

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Arindam Dey, Graeme Jarvis, Christian Sandor, Gerhard Reitmayr (2012). Tablet versus Phone: Depth Perception in Handheld Augmented Reality. In Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality, pages 187–196, Atlanta, USA.

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Michael Csongei, Liem Hoang, Ulrich Eck, Christian Sandor (2012). ClonAR: Rapid Redesign of Real-World Objects. Poster in Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality, pages 277–278.

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Peter Weir, Christian Sandor, Matt Swoboda, Thanh Nguyen, Ulrich Eck, Gerhard Reitmayr, Arindam Dey (2012). BurnAR: Feel the Heat. Poster in Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Christian Sandor (2012). Keynote Talk. 4th Virtual Efficiency Congress.

Arindam Dey, Graeme Jarvis, Christian Sandor, Ariawan Wibowo, Ville-Veikko Mattila (2011). An Evaluation of Augmented Reality X-Ray Vision for Outdoor Navigation. In Proceedings of International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence.

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Brad Cameron, Christian Sandor, Peter Mickan (2011). Social Semiotic Analysis of the Design Space of Augmented Reality. Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Patrick Maier, Arindam Dey, Christian A. L. Waechter, Christian Sandor, Marcus Tonnis, Gudrun Klinker (2011). An Empiric Evaluation of Confirmation Methods for Optical See-Through Head-Mounted Display Calibration. Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Matt Swoboda, Thanh Nguyen, Ulrich Eck, Gerhard Reitmayr, Stefan Hauswiesner, Rene Ranftl, Christian Sandor (2011). BurnAR: Feel the Heat. Demo at IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality, Basel, Switzerland, October..

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Denis Kalkofen, Christian Sandor, Sean White, Dieter Schmalstieg (2011). Augmented Reality Visualization Techniques. Handbook of Augmented Reality Technologies and Applications.

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Thanh Nguyen, Christian Sandor, Joseph J. Park (2010). PTAMM-Plus: Refactoring and Extending PTAMM. In Proceedings of International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence.

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Christian Sandor, Andrew Cunningham, Arindam Dey, Ville-Veikko Mattila (2010). An Augmented Reality X-Ray System Based on Visual Saliency. In Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Ulrich Eck, Christian Sandor (2010). TINT: Towards a Pure Python Augmented Reality Framework. Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Software Engineering and Architectures for Realtime Interactive Systems.

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Michael R. Marner, Bruce H. Thomas, Christian Sandor (2009). Physical-Virtual Tools for Spatial Augmented Reality User Interfaces. Proceedings of IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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B.H. Thomas, Christian Sandor (2009). What Wearable Augmented Reality Can Do for You. Pervasive Computing, IEEE.

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Ben Avery, Christian Sandor, Bruce H. Thomas (2009). Improving Spatial Perception for Augmented Reality X-Ray Vision. VR ‘09: Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality.

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Christian Sandor (2009). Accelerating the Mass-Adoption of Augmented Reality through High-Fidelity Prototyping. Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Ubiquitous Virtual Reality.

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Benjamin Avery, Bruce H. Thomas, Wayne Piekarski, Christian Sandor (2008). See-Through Vision for Mobile Outdoor Augmented Reality. Demo at IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality, Cambridge, England, September.

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Marko Heinrich, Bruce H. Thomas, Stefan Mueller, Christian Sandor (2008). An Augmented Reality Weather System. ACE ‘08: Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology.

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Thuong N. Hoang, Bruce H. Thomas, Christian Sandor (2008). An Augmented Reality In-Situ Menu for Selecting 3D Models. Demo at International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality, Cambridge, England, September.

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Christian Sandor, Shinji Uchiyama, Hiroyuki Yamamoto (2007). Visuo-Haptic Systems: Half-Mirrors Considered Harmful. WHC ‘07: Proceedings of the Second Joint EuroHaptics Conference and Symposium on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems.

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Christian Sandor, Gudrun Klinker (2006). Lessons Learned in Designing Ubiquitous Augmented Reality User Interfaces. Emerging Technologies of Augmented Reality: Interfaces & Design.

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Otmar Hilliges, Christian Sandor, Gudrun Klinker (2006). Interactive prototyping for ubiquitous augmented reality user interfaces. IUI ‘06: Proceedings of the 11th international conference on Intelligent user interfaces.

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Christian Sandor, Alex Olwal, Blaine Bell, Steven Feiner (2005). Immersive Mixed-Reality Configuration of Hybrid User Interfaces. Proceedings of IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Marcus Tonnis, Christian Sandor, Christian Lange, Heiner Bubb, Gudrun Klinker (2005). Experimental Evaluation of an Augmented Reality Visualization for Directing a Car Driver's Attention. ISMAR ‘05: Proceedings of the 4th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Pierre Georgel, Christian Sandor, Miriah Meyer, Ross Whitaker, Gudrun Klinker (2005). A Novel Approach to Automatic Layout for User Interface Elements in Augmented Reality. Demo at International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR) 2005, Vienna, Austria, Oct 5-8, 2005.

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Christian Sandor, Blaine Bell, Alex Olwal, Nick Temiyabutr, Steven Feiner (2004). Visual End User Configuration of Hybrid User Interfaces. Demo at International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Christian Sandor, Blaine Bell, Alex Olwal, Surabhan Temiyabutr, Steven Feiner (2004). Visual End User Configuration of Hybrid User Interfaces. Demo at ACM SIGMM Workshop on Effective Telepresence, New York, NY, USA, October 2004.

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Christian Kulas, Christian Sandor, Gudrun Klinker (2004). Towards a Development Methodology for Augmented Reality User Interfaces. Proceedings of the International Workshop exploring the Design and Engineering of Mixed Reality Systems - MIXER 2004, Funchal, Madeira, CEUR Workshop Proceedings.

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Vinko Novak, Christian Sandor, Gudrun Klinker (2004). An AR Workbench for Experimenting with Attentive User Interfaces. ISMAR ‘04: Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Otmar Hilliges, Christian Sandor, Gudrun Klinker (2004). A Lightweight Approach for Experimenting with Tangible Interaction Metaphors. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Multi-user and Ubiquitous User Interfaces (MU3I).

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Asa MacWilliams, Christian Sandor, Martin Wagner, Martin Bauer, Gudrun Klinker, Bernd Bruegge (2003). Herding Sheep: Live System Development for Distributed Augmented Reality. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR).

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Asa MacWilliams, Christian Sandor, Martin Wagner (2003). Begrenzt offen: Mac OS X als Portierungsziel. iX–Magazin fur Professionelle Informationstechnik.

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Christian Sandor, Martin Wagner, Asa MacWilliams, Martin Bauer, Gudrun Klinker (2002). SHEEP: The Shared Environment Entertainment Pasture. Demo at International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality.

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Christian Sandor, Thomas Reicher (2001). CUIML: A Language for the Generation of Multimodal Human-Computer Interfaces. In Proceedings of the European User Interface Markup Language Conference.

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